2. History of the Historical Peninsula of Istanbul
Our story, BC. It starts in 638 in Greece's Corinthian Gulf. A King named Byzas decides to build a new colony with his people and goes to the temple in Apollo Temple to get his idea.
The priest counsels them to go to the East and settle against the Blind country.
Byzas and their staffs, who initially do not have a sense of prophecy, are fascinated by the magnificent scenery when they arrive at the Sarayburnu ridge where the Topkapi Palace is today.
What really surprises them, however, is the settlement of the Greek colony, which migrated before them, to Kadıköy on the Anatolian side.
"How do they not see this beauty and go to the opposite shore? They are blind spoken of by the priest, "they say, and they are building Byzantion against Khalkedon, the" Blind Land. "
Even the legend of the establishment is at the forefront of the unique position of the Istanbul Historical Peninsula.
About 1000 years after Byzas, M.S. In 330, this time the Roman Emperor Constantine took the same admiration and declared Byzantion the second capital of Rome. His name is Constantinople.
Constantinople, which became the capital of Eastern Rome (Byzantine) with the division of Rome into two as East and West, was the capital of the Ottoman Empire for nearly 1000 years, followed by Byzantium for about 1000 years
Istanbul, which I try to tell the story with its shortest story, is actually Istanbul Historical Peninsula.
While there was a limited settlement in the Galata region during the Byzantine period, the present Beyoglu region started to move in the name of "Pera" in the Ottoman period.
In short, the place known as Istanbul in history is actually the Historical Peninsula of Istanbul …
How to get to the historic peninsula
Where are the historical peninsula of Istanbul?
The Istanbul Historical Peninsula is located within the borders of today's Fatih Municipality. All of the local and foreign tourists who are interested in the history of Istanbul pass this way
The Historical Peninsula is quite busy with its old, narrow streets and vehicle traffic. If you consider that hundreds of streets are closed to traffic on the peninsula, I do not recommend you to come here by car.
The closer you get to Sultanahmet, the heart of the Historical Peninsula, the harder it becomes to move with the vehicle.