"The anxiety problem is a knot point and solution where many important problems are gathered together. It is a puzzle that will shed light on my whole spiritual existence." Sigmund Freud, 1936
Anxiety (anxiety disorders) is one of the main causes of psychotherapies of clients today. Panic attacks, social phobia, obsessions, posttraumatic stress, depression and disability, are forms of anxiety. Kierkegaard sees anxiety as an inevitable part of life, and says that anxiety is born of disembodation and meaninglessness. According to Goldstein the common point of anxiety is the incompatibility between the person's ability and what is expected of him, which makes it impossible for a person to realize himself. Existentialists described anxiety with the difficulties that man faced in undertaking his own responsibility for existence.
According to Freud all behavior is directed at harmonization. According to O, no matter how illogical it looks, no behavior is a coincidence, and everything that the organism does is a kind of life-sustaining effort. Anxiety arises from the need to alert, harmonize, and maintain life against threats from the physical or social environment. According to Freud, the basic defensive mechanism repression is used against the impulses of anxiety, and this mechanism allows the anxiety-generating elements to be kept out of consciousness.
Birth is the first anxiety. An infant who does not have adequate defense mechanisms at the time of birth experiences many stimuli, and the anxiety she creates is the first example of anxiety in her later life. The realistic anxiety experienced in real threat situations in the external world is separated from the neurotic anxiety by being logical and understandable . The aim of realistic anxiety, experienced in the face of an upcoming and anticipated threat, is to protect itself and maintain life . In contrast, the neurotic anxiety that is living in the form of a stress reaction that is unspecified is always illogical. Some stimuli may create anxiety because they are associated with unpleasant experiences of the first years of childhood, although they are not of an aesthetic quality. As the child grows, he develops some defensive mechanisms against anxiety, which become habitual and reappear in every situation that creates anxiety in the next life.
In anxiety there is a threat to existence . Facing a danger of attacks, obstacles, contradictory desires and fear of punishment that may come from the outside world, Ego finds a way to escape dangerously. For this reason, anxiety is a dangerous escape. The perception of a threat to perpetuate a life, guilt or shame, the thoughts and behaviors contrary to expectations that the authoritarian will not approve or the perfection will cause anxiety.