What did Jesus and his apostles eat at the Last Supper? New research sheds light on the possible menu.
According to a recent survey of the Palestinian kitchen of Jesus' time, the Possible menu of the Last Supper includes bean jam, lamb, olives, bitter herbs, fish sauce, unsweetened bread, dates and aromatic wine.
Your meal is claimed to be defeated on cushions, as the Romans did at that time, not on a rectangular table, as shown in many artistic images of religious origin.
The work carried out by two Italian archaeologists to study the eating habits of Jerusalem at the beginning of the 1st century AD is based on the relevant parts of the Bible, Jewish writings, ancient Roman sources and archaeological information.
Archaeologist Generoso Urciuoli, an archaeologist at Archeoricette on antiquity, says, "What the Bible tells you is what you eat, and what Jesus and the 12 apostles accompanying it ate did not mention."
Urcuioli, an expert in early Christian history and co-author of research, archaeologist and Egyptian scientist Marta Berogno from the Turin Egyptian Museum published the findings in a book entitled "Gerusalemme: l'Ultima Cena" (Jerusalem: Last Supper).
Urciuoli, "Our starting point was the hypothesis that Jesus was finally a Jew. Therefore, he and his apostles were observing Torah-related traditions and eating and drinking prohibitions. "
According to the Bible, the Last Supper, which was sung by believers daily from the earliest times of Christianity, was the last meal Eaten by Judas after being caught by Roman soldiers and hours before the crucifixion
The Last Supper scene, immortalized by Leonardo Da Vinci, but obviously one of the most famous and most impressive pictures of the world according to Urciuoli, does not reflect the truth historically.
Urciuoli, "Leonardo's fresco reflects an iconography that has emerged for centuries. The Last Supper, which embodies the eucharistic (Communion) ritual, has a very strong symbolic meaning, and of course it has nothing to do with historical truth. "
The researchers managed to revive the food and eating habits of Palestine 2,000 years ago, combining historical data with clues from artworks, such as catacomb paintings made after the Milatos.
The picture created with this animation is completely different from the Last Supper Story in the minds. The meal, which was said to be lit in the upper room of a house in Jerusalem, was not eaten by sitting on a rectangular table, chairs.
Urciuoli says, "At that time the food in Palestine was served in low tables, and the guests sat in cushions and rugs laid down around the table, sitting on their backs."
It is also possible that plates, casings and vessels are made of stone. In connection with this, it is stated that many places near Jerusalem and Galilee have stone vessels dated to the 1st century AD
Urciuoli states, "The Jews who respect the law regarding the pollution in terms of religion are eaten in stone cups, because the stone is not contaminating contrary to the rough earth."
Another possibility is the use of good quality red terra sigillata pottery, an international trend at that time.
Besides, the place of the guests around the table was determined by a certain rule, the most important of which was sitting on the right and left of the head of the guest.
Urciuoli, "In the relevant sections of the Bible of John, it is pointed out that Judas is near Jesus, probably right on his left.
After he had taken a meal from a common cap, he said that after he had sunk the bread loaf of his hand, he betrayed this bread and betrayed him, and he gave it to Jehuda, or Jesus with the bread of Jehuda's hand.
Urciuoli and Berogno's Last Supper have narrowed down their assumptions about what they eat at the table, reviving the other two important foods mentioned in the New Testament. These are the feast of King Herod, known by the wedding at the village of Kana of Galilee and the cutting of the head of Baptist Yahya.
According to Urciuoli, the wedding in Kana allows us to conceptualize the religious laws of the Jews, which are called the Kashrut rules. These rules explain what is edible, what is irreversible, and how renewables must be cooked. On the other hand, the feast of King Herod for the elders of the palace, the commanders, and the elders of Galilee, allows us to analyze the influence of the Roman cuisine in Jerusalem.
Researchers suggest that in the feast of King Herod, at the Feast of King Herod and at the Last Supper, it is possible to find wine and bread as well as a garland of tuna, a garnish of fish sauce used during the Ancient Roman period.
Urciuoli and Berogno detail their research in the Bible, suggesting that the Last Supper may have been defeated during the Sukot festival, which is also called the festival of tents or arbors, reminiscent of the forty years they lived in delicate pericarp after the departure from Egypt .
However, according to the Markus Bible, Jesus is preparing for the Last Supper when "the first day of the Passover feast, when the Passover is sacrificed"
If, as the Jewish Bible says, the Jews are like Passover from Egypt, the lamb must be found at the table.
At this point the Bible offers us another clue: according to the writing, there was also unleavened bread and wine on the menu. Jesus sacrificed bread, blessed the wine, and said that if you were to reap the rewards of your ancestors, you would have blood, so the foundation of the Easter party was laid.
According to Urciuoli and Berogno, there was also a bean yahnis cholent, a slow-roasted beef yoghurt olive, zufa herb olives, bitter herbs, shamrock, a jewish dessert of haricot with haricot and a nuts puff.
Urciuoli says, "It is known that the bitter herbs and haroset Passover are indispensable, a meal eaten during the cholent holidays, consumed on a daily basis."
I Seeker.co. March 24, 2016.