posted on World Oceans Day and the WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) prepared by the "Plastic from closed-out : Saving from the Plastic Pollution of the Mediterranean "was ended and scientific evidence revealed the dimensions of plastic pollution in the Mediterranean. In the last part of the report, the steps needed to solve the problem were listed.
Misalignments remain insoluble for 600 years at sea r
The report reveals that the Mediterranean faces one of the most visited regions of the world, with serious plasticity, inefficient waste management and intensive mass tourism.
It is stated that plastic materials constitute 95% of the wastes in the Mediterranean, and large plastic wastes such as seals and sea turtles are injured or strangled. 65% of the plastic wastes that cause the greatest damage to animals are left to the sea.
 Wastes consisting of large pieces such as bag, cigarette butt, balloon, bottle, bottle cap or pipette are the visible part of plastic pollution. However, it is reminded that micro-plastics, smaller than 5 millimeters, create even greater danger.
The report, which reported that there were 1.25 million microplastic pieces per square meter, reported that these pieces were ingested by sea creatures and reached serious health risks in the food chain.
Since the vast majority of plastic wastes are not dissolved in nature, the surrounding plastic remains there for hundreds or even thousands of years. Cigarette butts from plastic products remain insoluble for 5 years at sea. This period is 20 years for plastic bags, 50 years for plastic cups and 600 years for linen.
According to the report, Europe is the most plastics-producing region in the world after China, and only three-tenths of the 27 million tons of plastics produced here can be transformed. The most plastic waste thrown into the Mediterranean from Turkey (144 tons per day). The plastic wastes are followed by Spain (126 tons), Italy (90 tons), Egypt (77 tons) and France (66 tons). Tourists visiting the Mediterranean coast cause wastes to increase by 40% each year.
Countries to draft agreements with legally binding
The report of the WWF reports on the solution at international, national, industrial and individual levels. At an international level, a zero-level vision must be developed to sign a legally binding international agreement to prevent plastics from sinking into the oceans, and to harmonize the United Nations Environment Assembly with the maritime disposal order, aimed at stopping all plastic leaks for the industry.
In parallel with these steps, it is vital to take action to clean and properly dispose of all wastes and to establish international plastic waste trading legislation, which defines recycling criteria for plastic waste exporters.
Recycling should be increased, plastic bags prohibited, renewable resources should be used
At the national level, the priority of recycling and reusing plastic waste, which is still 30%, is to increase to 100% by 2030. In addition, the prohibition of disposable plastic sachets and microplastics added to products by 2025 will also be a very important step.
At the beginning of the duties of the industry is the investment in innovative technologies to produce recyclable or compostable alternatives, the removal of fossil-derived plastics, and the use of renewable raw materials
Raporda also aims to redesign the infrastructures used in production processes and supply chains in order to use materials that are recycled materials and plastic alternatives to industrial establishments, to develop solutions to prevent the emergence of microplasticities as a result of washing processes and to develop solutions for disposable plastic products Call to stop use is being made. Adopting a zero waste policy at the corporate level and reducing the use of plastics, starting with all unnecessary small plastic products and packages, is a vital step in the solution.
Consumers' preferences are also of great importance
Consumers should always choose products made from biodegradable or recycled materials instead of plastic, avoid disposable products, and not use plastics to store food products. It is also advised that consumers should not use soap and cosmetics containing microplastic products, purchase unpackaged products, and pay attention to waste and recycling practices in the city or neighborhood where they live.
WWF-Turkey's largest in the world, WWF is part of an international network of experienced independent conservation organizations. WWF's mission, with over five million supporters and an active global network in more than 100 countries, by protecting the biodiversity of the world, by promoting the sustainability of renewable resources, by reducing pollution and over consumption, by stopping the deterioration of the natural environment of our planet and by contributing to the creation of a future where man lives in harmony with nature. www.wwf.org.tr