It is now known that the root of the "barbarian" word, which is often used to describe the non-civilized or bad people and their bad acts, is based on Ancient Greece and is first known only to those who do not speak or speak Greek.
However, now the meaning of this glove is far from the Greek origin. President Barack Obama, speaking in New York in 2012, correctly refers to this word: "If a little boy is kidnapped and forced to die and turned into a child soldier, it will become slavery. Little girls who are sold by a poverty-stricken family with my daughters-are either abducted from home or fall into a trap with promises of a better life, then imprisoned in brothels, and tortured in their resistance, this again becomes slavery. This barbarism is bad, and it has no place in a civilized world. "
Obviously, when Obama used the phrase "barbaric", he did not mean people outside New York or people who did not speak Greek, which in the general sense was evil and their bad act. In fact, the meaning of the word barbarian has changed significantly over time, such that it does not mean a negative thing for everyone without exception.
The word "barbarian", as stated in a work published by Salamanca University Professor of Classical Studies Juan Luis Garca Alonso in his book "Identity: A Multicultural and Multidisciplinary Approach" (Coimbra University Press, 2017)
The antique Greek word βάρβάρος (varvaros), which was used in the period when the civilization that today's researchers call "Miken" covers a large part of Greece.
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This word is found in clay tablets in Pilos, a large Mycenaean town on the Greek mainland. Alonso writes, "In the collection of clay tablets seized in Pilos, we see that baldness qualifies as those from outside the city."
Some researchers suggest that the "barbarian" word may have been formed in order to imitate the voices of Greek-speaking people analogous to stammering by non-Greek speakers
Professor of History and Archeology at Crete University, Konstantinos Vlassopoulos, in his book "Greeks and Barbarians" (Cambridge University Press, 2013), "Undoubtedly in the Archaic period (2,700 years ago) one of the most fundamental meanings of baldism was linguistics: barbarians were people who did not speak Greek . "
People who did not speak Greek could be well-intentioned or vice versa. Herodotus referred to them as "barbarians" when the Persians who invaded Greece described the war with the Spartan soldiers on the Thermopil rim.
Vlassopoulos notes that Ancient Greeks sometimes use words in a confusing and contradictory way. This is because the Ancient Greeks, at least until the time of Alexander the Great, had not reached an agreement about who spoke Greek and who did not speak. Vlassopoulos also mentions the existence of various local and regional dialects, mutually comprehensible at certain times in his book.
Barbarians and Rome
The meaning of the barbaric word has changed to a degree when the Romans, most of whom do not speak Greek, use it to describe all the strangers, especially the large variety of people who violate the imperial borders.
The barbarians were never exactly in one place. Some were pillars of the Roman Empire, while others were ally. There were many different groups, and their loyalty to the empire changed over time.
Walter Goffart, a senior researcher and lecturer at Yale University, wrote in his book "Barbarian Rounds: The Age of Migration and the Next Roman Empire" (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006), "Rome is actively involved with the Goths, Vandals, Suebiler, Saxons, Gepidlerla, Sarmatlarla, Alanlarla, Hunlarla, Avarlarla, with the Carpiler and Isauralılarlar "he writes. It is known that the Bavarians, one of these groups, have modified their skulls to have an egg-like shape.
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The most famous "barbarian" at that time was undoubtedly the Hun Emperor Attila. Attila, who ruled a great empire that also controlled other barbarian groups, became an ally of Romans against the Burgundians, another barbarian group in the early days of the reign. However, he later walked to France as an enemy to the Romans. The Romans then became allied with the Visigoths, who were again barbarians, and devoured Attila.
The word "barbaric" did not mean anything to anyone in the Roman Empire. Christian priest Salvian writes in MS 440 that "almost all barbarians, at least one single horseman and siblings, love each other, whereas the Romans will persecute one another"
Salvian writes that the poor Romans wish to be helped by barbarians.
Among the writings of the writers are the words "Of course, they are looking for Roman people in barbarians, because they can not stand the barbarous humanity in the Romans."
Who is it called Barbarian?
The definition of barbaric kelimes is becoming more complex and confusing among modern time researchers and the public. According to Nicola Di Cosmo of the Institute for Advanced Studies (Cambridge University Press, 2002), "If there is a common feature shared by civilizations, it is not only against their enemies but also against the enemies of civilization , the barbarians, the ideological need for protection. " "This contradiction between civilization and its enemies can be regarded as one of the great pending issues that we have encountered in world history."
For example, the Chinese use expressions sometimes translated as "barbarians" in English to describe people they fought like the people of Yi
Some people think that the Vikings are barbarians, even though they have colonization of Iceland and advanced maritime techniques that allow them to open up to the New World.
Even today some of the medical methods used in antiquity, although still in use, are described as "barbaric."
For the Ancient Greeks it was called a barbarian, non-Greek or non-Greek speaking person, whose good or evil intentions did not change the job. Over time this word changed to a point where the Ancient Greeks could no longer recognize it.
Live Science. April 26, 2018.