Archaeologists discovered the lost Mardaman city, whose remains were photographed. The city is located in the north of Iraq, near the town called Bassetti. The remains of this ancient city of the city, which had been inhabited for thousands of years, are shaped like a hill.
According to archaeologists' recent statements, the remains of the lost city Mardaman dating back 4,800 years were brought to light in the Kurdish region of northern Iraq
A team from Tubingen University in Germany had been working on digging for years in the area, but only in the past summer, there were 92 cuneiform tablets hidden in a pottery box in a palace building
More recently, the philologist Betina Faist from the University of Heidelberg, Germany, has deciphered the texts on tablets to find the name of this ancient city, sometimes called Marda.
According to Peter Pfälzner, professor of Near Archeology at Tubingen University, the remains of Mardaman near the present-day Bassetki town show that the city was established between 2800 BC and 2650 BC, the most vibrant period between 1900 BC and 1700 BC pointing out. The city is said to have continued to develop during the Neo-Assyrian period, from around 911 BC to 612 BC
Archaeologists have been working on the city since 2013, when a small number of explorations have been made in the area before, but the name of the city came only when 92 nail-writing tablets were deciphered.
The tablets date back to about 1250 BC, when the city was part of the Assyrian Empire and ruled by the Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal. According to Pfälzner, who conducted excavations in the city, Aşurnasirpal's "administrative and commercial relations with the Mardanian people" are mentioned in cuneiform tablets.
According to antique texts found in other archaeological excavation sites, Mardin was part of a larger empire at some time and there were also periods when it was an independent kingdom.
Pfälzner and his colleagues learned that the palace with its nailed tablets was destroyed around 1200 BC, but the city continued to exist. In fact, the Mardaman was attacked at various points in its history, partly demolished, then reconstructed.
The pots in which the tablets are located are said to be covered with a thick clay layer, indicating that the residents deliberately protected these tablets. Pfälzner said, "Tablets may have been concealed this way shortly after the surrounding structure was demolished. Maybe the information on tablets is kept and protected for future generations. "
The excavations at Mardaman are still going on. Pfälzner says it is a good chance that this ancient city is far from the problem of looting the other archaeological excavation sites in Iraq.
Pfälzner said in a statement, "Based on the position on the trade routes between Mesopotamia, Anatolia and Syria, we can say that Mardaman is an influential city and a regional kingdom. So much so that the city sometimes became an opponent of the great powers of Mesopotamia. "
The work on the city of Tübingen University team started in 2013. In the early days, the name of the city was unknown. With the excavation work, the first large-scale scientific studies carried out in the city were put forward. In the past, irregular and few remains were found in the area, including a sculpture that was discovered in the 1960s and depicted a naked person.
Live Science. May 11, 2018.