Mitigation of climate change effects
Reducing the effects of climate change, a simple description of greenhouse gas emissions to reduce atmospheric emissions, if possible, to prevent, if necessary, to remove from the atmosphere with the sinks
Measures are necessary to prevent dangerous intervention of human activities in the climate system. In this way, however, it may be possible to control the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. For all activities carried out for this purpose, we can call reduction activities
As an example:
In activities, it is considered to be a reduction activity, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, to introduce new and environmentally friendly applications, to increase greenhouse gas sinks, to direct alternatives to reduce the amount of emissions to be emitted in any activity where greenhouse gas emissions can not be prevented.
Key issues in climate change mitigation
There are various mitigation alternatives to limit emissions, reduce emissions, or increase sinks. These alternatives may be as detailed as preparing a low-carbon production plan for an energy process, or simply by replicating forest areas.
In fact, it is important to decide between options, considering how serious the country we live in is, how determined it is in this context, and how much available resources and economic conditions permit it. These options may be a technology, a policy, legislation or any application for which participants are compulsory. Only in essence whatever, the aim should be to increase the sinks to reduce, limit or remove greenhouse gas emissions from the atmosphere.
Low carbon development and green economy
Briefly, low carbon development means creating less carbon emissions while growing. The green economic term can be similarly defined, referring to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, but at the same time includes the elimination of different environmental problems not directly related to climate change
Common benefits of mitigation and low-carbon economics
Even though feasibility and affordability arising from a number of constraints of reducing climate change to agreed targets (such as 1.5 C) are discussed, and will have social benefits. In an environmental sense, biodiversity and ecosystem protection will be ensured, while water and air quality will increase. In an economic sense, the creation of new employment areas will provide benefits such as improved energy costs and new economic opportunities. In a social sense, the reduction of air pollution will bring about improvements in human health, with an increase in water quality.
Requirements for a low carbon economy
Here, it is essential to determine the strategies and policies necessary for the development and implementation of an economic system in which the intensity of carbon emissions is reduced. In addition, it is necessary to aim at efficient production and consumption alternatives in terms of resources and energy, to make investments in clean production, renewable energy sources, sustainable applications and to provide low carbon economy.
Low carbon economy elements
Low carbon economy development pattern, scope and content may vary from country to country. There is no international definition of what low-carbon economy development involves. The German Development Cooperation covers the following elements: long-term strategic vision based on national development priorities, global agreements and scientific prospecting
Basic greenhouse gas emissions analysis and prospecting, priority and facilitation of major mitigation sectors and measures
Identification of policies, identification of measures and targets
Political tools that can promote the low carbon economy
The most important point in the low carbon economy is the determination of concrete policies. Decision-makers in politics in this regard have the right to vote. Market-based mechanisms, such as emission trading programs, determine the general emission level allowed and then allow the open market to price in this area. Examples of financial incentives to encourage climate change mitigation, such as subsidies for renewable energy or access to capital for clean technology operations, are examples of these incentives. Financial instruments such as carbon taxes can be implemented with the principle of "pollutant pays". This means that producers or consumers are also responsible for paying for what they are responsible for creating emissions.
Other means include support for the search and development of low carbon development technologies or for the creation of environmental standards (eg energy efficiency).
We can then compile tools that can promote the low-development economy under four headings:
Paza-based instruments: Emissions trading schemes
Financial incentives: Capital support
Financial instruments: Taxation
Other tools: Technology research and development, sectoral trainings, environmental and social standards development, awareness raising
Selected Reduction Alternatives:
Development of energy transmission lines and making them more efficient
Carbon capture and storage activities
Use of renewable heat and power sources (hydro, solar, wind energy, geothermal energy and bioenergy) the use of a single heat motor or power station to produce both electricity and heat at the same time, etc.