The World Health Organization (WHO) shows that by 2016, 383,000 people died of asthma in 2015. According to the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) 2016 report, about 346,000 people die each year due to asthma
Substances and particles that can allergic reactions or irritate respiratory tracts are known to be important risk factors for developing asthma.
Asthma is a cause of obesity and genetic predisposition as well as various environmental factors such as air pollution, house dust mites, pet feathers, allergens such as dampness and mold, pollen, dust and chemicals, cigarette smoke, air changes. Emotional stimuli such as fear, anger, excitement, cold weather and exercise are among the triggering factors of the disease.
The frequency of sightings around the world is around 15 percent
Although the country varies from country to country, the average frequency of asthma is around 15 percent in the world
Low- and medium-low-income countries account for more than 80 percent of asthma-related deaths that lead to narrowing of the airways of the lungs and cause patients with breathlessness, coughing, wheezing,
According to the Global Asthma Report, asthma-related deaths in the 5-34 age group in 2001-2010 were mostly seen in South Africa, the Philippines, Fiji and Mauritius. The highest deaths in all age groups were recorded in South Africa, Mauritius, Fiji, the Philippines and Egypt.
More common in developed countries
Most asthmatic deaths by population are recorded in low- and middle-income countries, but the disease is more common in developed countries.
One of the important factors in the increase of asthma disease is industrialization in developed countries and the accompanying air pollution and environmental factors.
Among the countries with the highest incidence of asthma by population are Australia and the United States, as well as some Western European and Latin American countries.
Asthma symptoms are seen in about 14 percent of children
Noncommunicable asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in childhood
According to the International Childhood Asthma and Allergic Diseases Study (ISAAC), asthma symptoms are seen in 14 percent of children and 8.6 percent of young adults (18 to 45 years).
The most common type of asthma is allergic asthma. Allergic asthma is found in more than 50 percent of adults diagnosed with asthma and more than 80 percent of children.
About 20 percent of the world's population suffers from allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma. Approximately 40 percent of allergic rhinitis patients are faced with asthma symptoms, while about 80 percent of asthmatic patients suffer from allergic rhinitis symptoms.
The incidence of asthma is increasing day by day, due to increased air pollution and the increasing use of tobacco products and passive smoking since young age.
Unrecognized asthma begins with childhood, and can cause serious discomfort during adulthood. Although it is more common in children, asthma-related deaths are more common in adults.
According to the Global Asthma Report, asthma is most affected by asthma symptoms, most notably in children aged 10-14 years and aged 75-79 years.
Almost all deaths from asthma can be prevented with regular and effective treatment methods.
According to the European Association of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI), 25 out of every 100 thousand asthmatic men died in 1990, and this figure dropped to 13 in 2010. On the other hand, 17 out of every 100 thousand asthmatic patients lost their lives in 1990, and this figure dropped to 9 in 2010.
It is estimated that approximately every 12-13 adults and one child suffers from asthma each 7-8 in Turkey.