In the area of archaeological excavations at Pachacamac in Peru, researchers discovered a very well preserved 1,000 years old mummy. Thus, it was confirmed with further evidence that Pachacamac in the Inca Empire's control was a pre-Columbian pilgrimage area.
The last archaeological excavations led by Peter Eeckhout in the region resulted in an exciting surprise: nine weeks after the pre-Columbian archaeological site of pre-Columbian Pachacamac was explored, a mummified well-preserved moon was revealed
Professor Peter Eckhout says, "This person was wrapped in gigantic funeral cords that still serve as a coffin."
"The discoveries like this are extremely rare, and this mummy is well preserved at an incredible rate. Samples were collected for Carbon-14 dating, but the area and the type of grave discovered reveal that this individual was buried between 1000 and 1200 AD. "
The excavations in the region were carried out as part of a project called Ychsma, dedicated to the indigenous peoples of the region. During the excavations, three monumental structures were uncovered, including a sanctuary dedicated to the local atarian. This structure appears to have been transformed into a water and healing temple in the late 15th century under the Incan administration. Archaeologists have discovered many gifts left by worshipers like seashells imported from Ecuador; They were associated with water flow through El Nino and symbolized fertility and abundance.
Before settling into the Incas, this sanctuary included a large burial chamber and numerous mummies looted during most Spanish conquests. Miraculously, during the last excavations, one of the chambers was intact: it was a funeral chamber in which the mummy was. This mummy is in such good condition that researchers can examine it without removing the wraps.
Together with Christophe Moulherat, researchers will soon examine the candle using X-ray scans, axial tomography, 3D animation and other imaging methods. These examinations will ensure that the position of the individual, any pathology, and any work in the coils are identified.
Other constructions in the area are associated with worship: The first is an Inca monument dedicated to hosting pilgrimages and rituals, built in several stages, each identified with a number of gifts such as seashells and precious objects.
The last building to be discovered was probably one of the 'chapels' built for foreigners, due to a description of the 17th century by the Spanish monk Antonio de la Calancha. In these excavations, a platform with a central hole in which an idol was placed, as well as many building gifts such as pots, dogs and other animals emerged. The complex seems to have been designed around this idol found in religious activities with pilgrims.
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According to the investigators, all these discoveries indicate that the Incas had made significant changes in the Pachacamac area to form a large pilgrimage center on the Pacific coast of Peru.
"The gods and their worship played a major role in the life of pre-Columbian societies. The incasors understood this very well and integrated their powers into their use. By encouraging worship throughout the empire, they contributed to creating a common sense of identity among the many different peoples forming the empire. Pachacamac is one of the most striking examples of this. "
Phys.org. May 25, 2018.