At least 5,000 years of wine remains in a cave in the south-west of Sicily give brand new information on the Bronze Devil Sicilian culture.
The Monte Kronio Hill is located on the geothermal active site of southwest Sicily at an altitude of about 400 meters. In the depths of this mysterious hill lies a labyrinthine cave system, in which hot and sulphurous steam rise. In the lower caves, the temperature is 37 degrees Celsius and the humidity reaches 100 percent. Under such conditions, human beings can not evaporate and the heat strikes are beginning to take effect within 20 minutes.
Despite all this, people have been visiting Monte Kronio caves for 8,000 years. Potters from the Bronze Age, ceramic storage jars, casseroles and basins were seized in the caves. In addition to these artifacts, human skeletons are also found in the deepest cavities of the hippopotamus.
Archaeologists continue to argue that these seized artifacts are evidence of some unknown religious practices. Did people sacrifice their lives while offering sacrifices in order to appease the mysterious god who blows the depths of Monte Kronio, or were they buried in private places where they believed that the higher ranks in society were probably a magical power source?
What was one of the most confusing questions about the area before this date was in the containers that were seized. What could these vessels be so valuable as to be able to accompany an angry god or escort them to the unknown on their journey?
Given an answer to these questions, he gave an analysis of small-sized samples obtained by scraping them from the works: wine. The discovery requires the archaeologists to re-examine their knowledge of the people who lived in that area at that time.
Sampling is being analyzed
In November 2012, a team of expert geographers and cave scientists set out once more to the dangerous underground complex of Monte Kronio. It was reported that the team, together with the archaeologists, descended almost 100 meters to document the work and sampled about 100mg of powder from each of them, digging the inner surfaces of five ceramic vessels for analysis.
The necessary analyzes were carried out to determine what was carried in these vessels belonging to the Bronze Age. The most advanced chemical methods were used to characterize organic residues.
Three different approaches were adopted during analysis. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy was used to determine the physical and chemical properties of the atoms and molecules of the vessels, and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and Fourier transformed infrared total reflection spectroscopy were used for the chemical analysis of the samples, as well as the scanning electron microscopy.
These analysis methods are very sensitive, and it is stated that when the tests are completed, the samples become unusable again. It is said that only 100mg of dust is taken from each vessel and that there is not enough material to repeat the reverse analysis, so it is said that it is necessary to be extremely careful while preparing the samples.
Four of the five storage jars dated to the Bronze Age are reported to have found organic remains. Two of the jars are said to be animal oil, while the remaining plant remains are also of semi-liquid stew. In the fourth jar, my anticipation is a big surprise: 5,000 years of pure grape wine
The presence of wine means a lot
As a result of the deep inspections on the alcoholic beverages in the prehistoric period, it became clear that the wine remains of Monte Kronio are the oldest wine finds found in Europe and the Mediterranean region. The discovery is deeply undermining the widespread belief that Southern Anatolia and the Transcaucasus region are grape growing and early viticulture activities. Towards the end of 2017, a similar study on the remains of Neolithic pottery recovered in Georgia dates back to the remains of pure grape wine from 6000 BC to 5,800 BC.
Research results published under the heading "The oldest wine of the world" on the media have raised public interest
However, it seems that the media have not been successful in conveying the fact that such reconnaissance archaeologists have created new historical implications that would require reappraising their understanding of the Bronze Age Sicilian culture
From the economic point of view, the traces of wine in the cups indicate that the people who lived in that area did grape cultivation at that time. Viniculture is known as a favorable land structure, temperate climate and appropriate irrigation system. Archaeologists did not incorporate the existence of these agricultural strategies into account in the assumptions that have so far been suggested about the settlement models of the Bronze Age Sicilian communities. Apparently, researchers must thoroughly examine the ways in which the Bronze Age people of Sicily may have used their lands to convert them into agricultural land.
The discovery of the presence of wine in the area at that time, said that the archaeologists had a great influence on what they learned about trade and commerce throughout the Mediterranean at that time. It is known that the Sicilian lands are devoid of metallic mines. However, in many excavations, the presence of small copper objects such as wedges, chisels and needles reveals that the Sicilies were involved in mining activities together with the Bronze Age
The explanation for this situation is that Sicily has established a primitive commercial relationship with people from the Aegean region, especially the northwestern part of the Pelopenese region. However, since Sicilian communities are known to have nothing to do with metallic minerals, this explanation can not be based on reasonable grounds. In this case, it is thought that the thing that brings the Egella to Sicily is the charm of the wine.
The discovery of wine remains in dangerous crevices in the depths of Monte Kronio supports the view that there are some kind of prehistoric temples where rituals such as hunting, purification, or prophecy are carried out.
It is believed that wine, which is almost as old as human history, is a mysterious beverage that comes out everywhere from religious rituals to feast tables. It is known that this magical drink with blood red color and pleasant smell gives the person a unique vitality and intense joy, as well as a change in cognition and perception. It is also easier to imagine what the Bronze Devil Sicilians might have felt when venturing into mysterious journeys into the depths of Monte Kronio, the gods, in the light of all, the pleasant effect of wine on their bodies, the intense physical stress created by high temperatures and humid environments. It is likely that these journeys lead to the belief that survivors of the weak survive to immortality.
It is also a surprise that all of these have been understood from dust particles with a total weight of 6000 years of 100mg.
IB Times. February 13, 2018.