It is becoming more concrete to define today's machines and work disciplines through the 19 engineering inventions found.
Mechanical engineering, the most basic definition covers everything that moves. The machines are said to be inventions with designs in which a system that moves within them is housed. These systems sometimes consist of small moving parts. But sometimes the entire design is shaped by a system beam that moves completely. It is possible to think of the 19 engineering creations that define today's machines as discoveries that open up the capabilities of the most simple machine capabilities, including complex concepts such as "flight."
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Aeolipile is known as the world's first steam reaction turbine. Heron of Alexandria by M.S. It is invented in the 1st century . The device uses a correlated machine to vaporize the water in it. The boiling water vapor comes out of the mouths of the hoses looking down and up when he feels ready. Thanks to the pressure of this event, the sphere begins to turn around.
The wheel, accepted as one of the most important inventions in human life, is among the inventions that define the modern world. First wheeled vehicle BC. 4000 in Poland . The first physically wheeled vehicle appears in Slovenia and the date is in BC. 3360-3030 .
Windmills turn mechanical power by turning wind power. Acemlerin 7. It is known that yy invented the first forms of windmills. On this count, Acemler is considered the first nation to use a resource other than human as a power source. These massive machines, which began to spread in Europe in the Middle Ages, 19. yy was also used.
Rollers provide freedom of movement, with one or more wheels. Again it is possible to see that the rollers of the simple machines described by Heron of Alexandria are still used today in need areas such as flagpoles and water wells.
It is known that Brother Eilmer tried to fly at 1010 with a glider long before the Wright Brothers . Eilmer's adventure, which is a two-flight experiment, ultimately ends up breaking his legs. Just like Eilmer Evliya Çelebi and Leonardo Da Vinci among other famous names eager to fly.
Steel is known by humanity from Iron Age . The first steel kilns BC. It began to be used in the 6th century and spread to Europe in the Middle Ages. The more efficient use of steel in production area 19.
It is the technique developed by Henry Bessemer in .
First illustrations of sailing vessels BC. 3300 is seen in Egyptian paintings. It is known that the first sails were made from animal cultures. With sailing ships, people are starting to explore the planet, and countries are even trading through time with these machines. The empires also find a way to increase their influence on the world with these ships.
In terms of mechanical engineering, the invention of the printing press is in a very important position. Although printing has been done in China before, Johannes Gutenberg 's invention is the first invention to mechanize printing. With the spread of printing, books are being produced more quickly and becoming an object that can be easily acquired by more people.
French physicist who developed the piston first becomes Denis Papin . The piston developed in 1690 18. Thomas Newcomen and James Watt then again. Thanks to the widespread use of this technology, the industrial revolution has really begun. The piston is most commonly used to transfer the gas in the machine through piston rings
Another kind of simple machine, the levers, move very heavy objects with a little effort. The levers, BC. It is defined in the works of Archimedes in the 3rd century .
Richard Trevithick invented between the first steam locomotives 1801-1804 . After the patent sale, the first journey takes place in 1804 with this locomotive. This machine, which moved very slowly, later became the face of transport in the industrial revolution.
Ramps with a simple machine type still help to move heavy objects with less effort. The difficulty of the ramps is increasing in proportion to the ramp's standing. Today, the most common use of ramps is in loading trucks
Gears and gear wheels are called circular inner components. The teeth can change the speed and direction of the power source. Although it is not exactly known when the wheels were invented, some sources show Archimedes .
The bearings which incorporate moving parts in the machine, make it easier for objects to move in the same direction. The invention, just as important as the wheels, can be in different shapes and sizes.
What are the electric motors that convert electricity into motion energy are explained by Michael Faraday in 1821 . The province of practical engines is created by Anyos Jedlik in 1828
Springs are called flexible objects that store movement energy. Although springs made of steel have many different shapes, the spiral shape is widely used. The emergence of helical springs, 15. yy .
The parallel motion developed by James Watt 1784 is based on the study of two parallel plungers. Again, the double pistons used by Watt on the Watt steam set are twice as efficient as the single pistol.
The screws used since antiquity are also in the category of simple machines. The screws are transforming the linear motion of the rotational motion. Today, screws are used in many machines, such as pumper and iron.